Historical Research - A.Our First Ancestors

A.Our First Ancestors

Capsule 1- Nicolas Matte  -  by claudematte|ALL

Normandie - Seine Maritime - Pays de Bray  Nicolas Matte

• Name: Nicolas Matte (2.1.-1)
• Sex: M
• Birth : 8 Dec. 1636 in Ste-Geneviève en Bray,Ar. Dieppe, Rouen, Seine Maritime,
            Sponsor: Nicolas Matte (3.1) (brother of Charles (1.-1)
             Sponsor: Louise Gressent (page 5 - birth certificate)

•Baptism : 8 déc . 1636

Confirmation may 26, 1681 in Québec


Death: 20 July. 1704 in Pointe aux Trembles, Lordship de Dombourg (Neuville), Portneuf County, Quebec
Burial: July 1704 Neuville, Portneuf, Quebec


Father : Charles Matte (1.-1) b: 1610 to Fontaine-En-Bray, Seine Maritime, France. Married 1630, Death
             28 June 1680 à Bessault, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France.
Mother: Barbe Harache b: 1612 born Sainte Saire, Rouen, Normandy, France, Death ??, Haute-Normandie, Franc

Entrée du village

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- Marriage : Marie Madeleine Auvray (1.1.-1) b: 1652 to Saint-Vivien, Rouen, Normandy, France

Marrie : 12 Oct. 1671, the witnesses were Antoine Gentil, Etienne Léveillée, Jacques Fournel de                     Rouen. Fr. Henri Debernières, the parish priest, officiated. Nine other couples were married             at the same time.

The surname Matte is rooted in that of Mathieu, as Matteau and Matton. Nicolas Matte signed Math. It is also known under the name of Nicolas Meyer and Nicholas Mai.
 

Nicolas Matte (2.1.-1) was the son of Charles (1.-1) Matte and Barbe Harache, the canton of Saint-Saën, Sainte-Geneviève-en-Bray, a small village not far from Rouen, in Normandy, in the current Department of Seine-Maritime. He was baptized on 8 December, 1636. He learned to read and write.

The document below is the birth certificate of Nicolas Matte found in the parish registers of Ste-Geneviève-en-Bray. I grant you that it's not easily readable. The name Nicolas Matt appears in the second line, at the very beginning .

Acte de naissance de Nicolas Matte

Nicolas crosses the ocean possibly to 1665(?), probably as "Thirty-six months' (a volunteer worker engaged for 3 years)." It is inscribed in the census in 1666(see capsule 0-D) as a being living in Bachelor's degree seignoiry of Notre-Dame-of-Angels, Charlesbourg modern. It was listed as a simple 'living' - no particular trade was mentioned.

On 5 September 1670, Nicolas signed a three-year lease usufruct Notary Romain Becquet with Pierre Lafine,a miller in Neuville. Auger summarizes their contract : LaFine rented Matte a piece of property, including a hectare and a half hectare of land cleared and a cabin. Nicolas was to sow, weed, harvest, beat and winnow the hay. He must also build a Grainary or a barn to store grain and vegetables, and clear one-third hectare per year. LaFine was to pay him 40 pounds for each newly cleared third hectare and Nicolas was to give him half of the grain.

Contrat d'engagement

Nicolas was still unmarried at the time the lease was ratified. In June of the following year, the ship Saint-Jean-Baptiste anchored in Quebec City, with one hundred men, one hundred twenty young women, fifty sheep, ten asses, fabric, rugs, and all kinds of useful things to New-France. Among the 120 "King’s Daughters" (the women given a dowry of 50 pounds by the King, and recruited specifically to marry settlers of the colony), was Madeleine Auvray, daughter of Antoine Auvray, deceased, and Marie Lenormand, native of Saint-Vivien, of Rouen.

Madeleine was almost 21 years old on Saturday, October 10, 1671, when ratified a marital agreement with Nicolas that was drawn up by Notary Romain Becquet, in the home of Anne Gasnier, widow of Jean Bourdon the owner of the fief (Seigneury) of Dombourg (today Neuville). Madeleine had 300 pounds worth of goods as well as the Royal dowry for the marriage. The marriage took place two days later on October 12, 1671 in the Church of Notre-Dame de Quebec, with nine other couples, including Jacques Lussier and René Dumas, as well as that of Pierre Coquin dit Latournelle whose daughter Marie Angelique marries Nicolas’ son Nicolas over twenty years later.

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The couple settled at Neuville and their eleven children were all born there. More than anything else, Nicolas Matte was a farmer. Probably because he wanted to work his own land, he cancelled the agreement with Pierre Lafine in May 1672.

On 31 May of the same year, the Lord of Dombourg granted a concession on a parcel next to the estate. The Matte land was two-thirds of a hectare wide along the St. Lawrence River by thirteen hectares deep. Nicolas took a lease on land from a neighbor for a year of grain harvest. October 9, 1672, he was ordered to pay 60 pounds to Jean Hamel. on On March 3, 1673, Nicolas rented, for one year the lands of Leonard Faucher, a neighbor for a year of grain harvest for 40 pounds. According to Roland-J. Article Auger, Nicolas also agreed to clear and burn a third of a hectare of wood and prepare it for sowing, for the sum of forty pounds.

Is Leonard Faucher absent in 1673 and 1674? An act written by Duquet March 3 of that year suggests that might have been so. On that day, his neighbor Leonard Faucher leased his land to Nicolas  Matte in exchange for one year.s harvest of grain beginning in October. The document reveals that nine or ten acres of land are in need of labor and building, the rest of the land is tall lumber. Faucher also agreed, for the term of the lease, to house Nicolas and his family (Madelaine & Leonard) and provide shelter for the grain. Matte promised to give Faucher 35 bushels of corn and 10 bushels of green peas. It also states that Faucher’s wife and children remain with Matte for a year, to provide and maintain the property, obtain firewood and make bread, for which he will be paid 35 pounds at the end of the lease. The contract with other conditions, including that of clearing an acre, work for which Faucher will pay 40 pounds.

Bail pour la terre de Léonard Faucher

On 4 January 1674, Nicolas attends the baptism of Nicolas Petit. One of Petit’s sons, Jean-François at age 21 married one of the daughters of Laurent Matte, Madeleine Françoise Matte, who was 19.

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On 4 January 1674, Nicolas attends the baptism of Nicolas Petit. One of Petit’s sons, Jean-François at age 21 married one of the daughters of Laurent Matte, Madeleine Françoise Matte, who was 19.

In 1679, found in Quebec City as a witness in the 1st three donations, where it is called as a witness : Donation by Marie - Guillemette Hébert, widow of the late Sir Guillaume Couillard, residing in Quebec, to the poor of the Hôtel-Dieu of Quebec, reference to acts passed in front of the Notary dated July 25, 1661 and October 9, 1663, are present Rev. mother Jeanne-Agnes of St. Paul, superior of Hôtel-Dieu, Jeanne-Françoise de Saint-Ignace, Treasurer and administrator of the property of the poor, said donation for a location of land located in the upper town of Quebec, at the end of the cemetery, description of the said location, the location of land is given to be used for the burial of the poor, the sieur Alexandre Petit, merchant, and sieur Philippe Gillet, residing in Quebec, are witnesses, following recognition of the said deed of gift dated April 16, 1681, Nicolas Mathe (Matte), inhabitant of Dombourg, and Jacques Chappelain (chaplain), residing in Quebec, are witnesses. - 6 November 1679 [Document insinuated on April 18, 1681, Piece from the insinuations of the Provost Court of Quebec records, vol. 1 (formerly registers 1, 2 and 3) (March 1, 1667 - 25 September 1696), pages 407-408.

The 2nd gift, called as a witness: Donation by Marie-Guillemette Hébert, widow of the late Sir Guillaume Couillard, residing in Quebec City, the religious ladies of the Hôtel-Dieu of the mercy of Jesus in Quebec, are present Rev. mother Jeanne-Agnes of St. Paul, superior, Mary of Saint - Bonaventure of Jesus, Assistant, Catherine-Marie of St. Agnes mistress of novices and discreet (religious who enters the Superior Council), Marie of St. Joachim, Catherine of St. Joseph, discreet, and Marie-Jacinthe of the Visitation, custodian, acceptants to the names of the religious said. said donation on fishing rights and strike located in the mouth of the Saint-Charles River, Jean LeVasseur, royal bailiff, and Nicolas Métru, residing in Quebec, are witnesses, following recognition of the said deed of gift dated April 16, 1681, Nicolas Mathe (Matte), inhabitant of Dombourg, and Jacques Chappelain (chaplain), Carpenter living in Quebec, are witnesses. -14 October 1680 [Document insinuated on April 18, 1681.

La 3 e donation : Donation by Pierre Grolleau (Groleau) and Marie- Madeleine Gobert, his wife, resident living in the village of Saint-Joseph in the parish of Charlesbourg, to the poor in the Hospital of Quebec, said donation for services as such Groleau and his wife intend to make poor audits, all their movable and immovable, said donors who intend to live in the convent and monastery of the mercy of Jesus and die there, are mentioned Rev. Mother Mary of Saint - Bonaventure of Jesus, superior of the said Monastery, Marie of the Holy heart of the Blessed Virgin, custodian of the property and income of the poor, and Sir François de Laval, first bishop of Quebec, against what said donors will be housed, maintained, and dressed, Nicolas Mathe (Matte), inhabitant of Dombourg, and Jacques Chappelain (chaplain), residing in Quebec, are witnesses. -16 April 1681 [Document insinuated on April 25, 1681]. The first trip from Neuville to Quebec was by boat. Three trips by boat in three years. Did the witness have any ties in his contract of engagement with them?

ANQ GN Becquet 05-09-1670; 10-10-1671; Rageot G. 31-05-1672; Duquet 03-03-1673; Roger G. 26-01-1695; Lepailleur 06-07-1702; PQ Reg. 4, 19-06-1671, fool 79v; 09-10-1671, fol. 151r ; Reg.8. 20-10-1675, fol 117r ; Reg 26, 14-06-1689, fol. 57 v. Baptize : Vaillancourt Émile CCN, P 190.

He received his confirmation on May 26, 1681 in Quebec City by Bishop Laval.

At the Census of 1681, Nicholas had a farm with three head of cattle. Fifteen acres of land were cultivated (see Capsule 0-D).

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July 11, 1686, Nicolas attends the baptism of Madeleine Faucreau (Fouquereau). Urbain is father of the lineage Fouquereau/Rossignol of America. Wife Jeanne Rossignol dit Grossonneau in the seigneury of Neuville (43) in 1676; of this union are from Pierre Fouquereau, Elisabeth-Ursule Rossignnol (married to Pierre Soucy), Michel Fouquereau, André Fouquereau (married Marie-Françoise Aupry), Madeleine Fouquereau (married to Jacques Richaume), Guillaume Fouquereau (married to Marie-Anne Rivière) and Marie-Hélène (married to Michel Rivet) Fouquereau.Décès en 1700 dans la seigneurie de Neuville (43). In 1729, he had 55 descendants. He is the owner of lot 244, that corresponds to the current civic number 1412 road 138. The fourth land to the West of the ancestral land (lot 240).

During the research for the beatification of the nun, dating from 1689. Two miracles have been recorded recently in the annals of the Hôtel-Dieu of Quebec and reproduced by the Abbé Casgrain in the history of this institution. The first took place in Caen in Normandy, the other at the Pointe-aux-Trembles, near Quebec (page 292). The second fact concerns Nicolas Matte, colonist established in the lordship of Domburg, today Pointe-aux-Trembles, now Neuville. He had a child who had suffered since birth from a convulsive disorder that doctors had declared incurable. The great devotion that we then had in our country for the mother of Saint - Augustin and the wonders that had come through her intercession Nicolas prayed to Saint Augustin to use his power with God in favor of his son. He began a Novena with his family in honor of the mother of St. Augustin. Barely had he ended that the child ha d no trace of his infirmity. The father at the height of joy, hastened to give glory to God by highly proclaiming the sanctity of the mother of St. Augustin and offering to sign the attestation of this miracle of his blood.

Source: Life of the mother Marie-Catherine of Saint - Augustin, nun of the Hôtel-Dieu of the precious blood of Québec, 1632-1668 by Hudon, l., Bégin, Louis-Nazaire.

Since June 14, 1689. Matte’s dispute with Denis Gentil continues, he successfully reclamins a bushel of corn. A bushel commercial grain trade measurement, but their report was different according to the grain. In the case of wheat, it took 3 bushels to equal a minot while it was 4 bushel in the case of the salt and 5 for oats. The minot was eventually worth 3, 4 or 5 bushels. When we know that the Wheat Board weighs 0.7 kg/L, oats 0.42 kg/L and the bushel measure 13 L, the minot, whatever the material, 27.3 kg. These units are not the result of chance, one is one measure of volume, the other weight. (the prehistory of the metric system).

On July 11, 1694, Nicolas, who is 58 years old, attends the baptism of Louis-Joseph Auge, whose father is Pierre Auger and the mother Perrine Meunier said Laramée. Business man (master sergetier) born about 1665 at Lezay in Niort (Deux -Sèvres, Poitou, France). Settled in the seigneury of Neuville (43). Father of the lineage of Auger/Miller of America. Wife Perrette Meunier in the seigneury of Neuville (43) in 1685; from this union came René Auger (married to Elisabeth Constantineau), Marguerite Auger (married to Jean Leveille), Louis-Joseph Auger (married to Marie - Geneviève Godin), Louis Auger (married to Marie-Anne Constantineau), Marie-Anne Auger (married to Jean-Baptiste Laroche) and Marie-Charlotte Auger (married to Jacques Godin). Pierre Auger is the owner of the lot 247, 7th neighbor to the West. There is a lot of spouses and spouses who are married descendants of Nicolas: Constantineau 2 , Godin 2 , Laroche.

When the marriage of his daughter Marie (2.1.0) contract, January 14 1695, Nicolas is absent because of the difficulty of the roads.

July 6, 1702, his wife ceded to Jean Masson all the land from the River to Matte, where he had built a House. Nicolas was buried in the cemetery of Neuville July 20, 1704. His widow, Madeleine, died almost 30 years after her husband. May 7, 1734, she was buried in Neuville. Seven of her 11 children have predeceased her.

The descendants of Nicolas Matte and Madeleine Auvray eventually spread to North America. There is also Cajun Louisiana Mattes that are descendants, the Native Americans of the Valley of the Bitter Root of Montana, some of the first pioneers of the Northwest Oregon, Saskatchewan, Ontario, British Columbia are also among his descendants.


The Matte descendants are closely related by women with surnames Pelletier, Laroche, Constantineau, Grenon, Letourneau, Petit, Mongrain, Mercure, Gariepy, Sylvestre, and Charpentier .

Signature de Nicolas Matte

Children of Nicolas Matte & Madeleine Auvray

1. Léonard MATTE(1.2.1.-1) was born 18 Nov, baptised the 1672 in Dombourg, Canada, 1st hypothesis : Deceased. Hôtel-Dieu of           Quebec on August 8, 1698 2nd hypothesis : Deceased may 1 700 in Biloxi, USA. (See capsule 2.1)


2. Marie ou Marie Françoise MATTE (2.2.1.-1) was born Jan 29, 1674 to Dombourg, Quebec, Canada. (See Capsule 2.2)


3. Laurent MATTE (3.2.1.-1) was born 19 Jun 1677 Dombourg, Québec, Canada, and died 19 Feb 1712 in Cap-Santé, Seigneury of Auteuil, Portneuf County, Quebec, Canada (See Capsule 2.3).


4 Marie Jeanne MATTE (4.2.1.-1) was born 19 Dec 1679 Dombourg, Québec, Canada, and died Jan 29, 1703 at St-Antoine De                                            Tilly, Seigneury of Villieu, Québec (See Capsule 2.4).


5. Nicolas MATTE(5.2.1.-1) was born 22 Sep 1682 in Neuville, Quebec, Canada, is baptized 22 Sep 1682 in Neuville, Portneuf,                                   Quebec, died 12 Mar 1760 in the parish of Saint-François de Sales, Pointe aux Trembles, Seigneury de                                           Dombourg (Neuville) Québec (See Capsule 2.5) 


6. Madeleine ou Marie Madeleine MATTE (6.2.1.-1) was born 9 Feb. 1685 in Neuville, Quebec, Canada, and died 14 Nov 1747.                                                                          The sixth child in the family. On August 13, 1703, at Neuville, she became the wife at                                                                         the age of eighteen, Noël Pelletier, son of Pierre Pelletier and by Françoise Trochet,                                                                          widower of Marie Grenier, father of two children. A dozen children born to the couple                                                                          Matte and Pelletier (See Capsule 2.6).  


7. Marie Anne MATTE (7.2.1.-1) was born 18 may 1687 at the Seigneury de Dombourg, Québec, Canada, and died in 1731. She                                         was married to Roman Dubuc 7 Oct 1709 in Neuville, Portneuf, Quebec, son of Jean Dubuc and                                                       Françoise  Larchevêque. He was born March 24, 1671 in Quebec City, province of Quebec, and died 20                                           Oct 1711 in Neuville, Quebec, Canada. She (Marie-Anne) married to Stephen Magnan 27 Feb. 1713 in                                            Neuville, Portneuf County, Province of Quebec, son of Pierre Magnan and Marie Dufour. He was born                                              about 1647 in St. Barthelemy de La Rochelle, Aunis, Charente Maritime, France, baptised Christian in                                              1660 (See Capsule 2.7)


8. Marie MATTE (8.2.1.-1) was born 3 Nov 1688 Dombourg, Québec, Canada, died 11 Nov 1688 in Dombourg, Québec, Canada                                (See Capsule 2.8).


9. Alexis MATTE (9.2.1.-1) was born 14 Feb. 1692 in Neuville, Quebec, Canada, and died in the parish of Les Écureuils                                              (Squirrels), Portneuf County (between Donnacona and Neuville), Quebec, Canada (See Capsule 2.9).


10. Marie Louise MATTE (10.2.1.-1) was born July 20, 1694 in Neuville, Quebec, Canada (See Capsule 2.10).


11. Marie Angelique MATTE(11.2.1.-1) was born 22 Jun 1697 in the Seigneury de Dombourg, parish of Neuville, Quebec, Canada, and died 1 Avril 1775 at St Antoine De Tilly (See Capsule 2.11).
 

Another Matte Deceased after Arrival in Canada.

Another Matte, François, arrives in 1711 on the boat «Heros * "from v. and ar. Les Sables d'Olonne, Poitou (Vendee). He died on December 27, 1711 at the Hôtel-Dieu de Québec (age 32). Another lineage of Mattes in France ?
 

François Matte


* On 2 October 1711 two men: Dustiné and Plassan appeared on horseback in Quebec. They came from the hero, ship of the King 12 leagues from Quebec until the wind". In a letter dated 5 November 1711 in relationships told that it is one of the two vessels arrived from France this year and should start within two or three days. Roland-Michel Barrin de La Galissonière, entered the guards of the Navy on 1 November 1710 and future Governor of New-France in 1747, made his first campaign on the ship in 1711. The captain of this warship was Claude de Beauharnois, sieur de Beaumont and de Villechauve.

You have more information and images in PDF format

Capsule 1 (13 Pages) Format PDF: - Nicolas Matte 

The capsules # 00 are information bearing the word Matte, the capsules # 0 are of general information used to complete the capsules identified # -1 (Charles) or # 1 (Nicolas and Madeleine) or # .2 (children) , etc., which correspond to lineages of Matte ancestors.

Normandie - Seine Maritime - Pays de Bray  Nicolas Matte

• Name: Nicolas Matte (2.1.-1)
• Sex: M
• Birth : 8 Dec. 1636 in Ste-Geneviève en Bray,Ar. Dieppe, Rouen, Seine Maritime,
            Sponsor: Nicolas Matte (3.1) (brother of Charles (1.-1)
             Sponsor: Louise Gressent (page 5 - birth certificate)

•Baptism : 8 déc . 1636

Confirmation may 26, 1681 in Québec


Death: 20 July. 1704 in Pointe aux Trembles, Lordship de Dombourg (Neuville), Portneuf County, Quebec
Burial: July 1704 Neuville, Portneuf, Quebec


Father : Charles Matte (1.-1) b: 1610 to Fontaine-En-Bray, Seine Maritime, France. Married 1630, Death
             28 June 1680 à Bessault, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France.
Mother: Barbe Harache b: 1612 born Sainte Saire, Rouen, Normandy, France, Death ??, Haute-Normandie, Franc

Entrée du village

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- Marriage : Marie Madeleine Auvray (1.1.-1) b: 1652 to Saint-Vivien, Rouen, Normandy, France

Marrie : 12 Oct. 1671, the witnesses were Antoine Gentil, Etienne Léveillée, Jacques Fournel de                     Rouen. Fr. Henri Debernières, the parish priest, officiated. Nine other couples were married             at the same time.

The surname Matte is rooted in that of Mathieu, as Matteau and Matton. Nicolas Matte signed Math. It is also known under the name of Nicolas Meyer and Nicholas Mai.
 

Nicolas Matte (2.1.-1) was the son of Charles (1.-1) Matte and Barbe Harache, the canton of Saint-Saën, Sainte-Geneviève-en-Bray, a small village not far from Rouen, in Normandy, in the current Department of Seine-Maritime. He was baptized on 8 December, 1636. He learned to read and write.

The document below is the birth certificate of Nicolas Matte found in the parish registers of Ste-Geneviève-en-Bray. I grant you that it's not easily readable. The name Nicolas Matt appears in the second line, at the very beginning .

Acte de naissance de Nicolas Matte

Nicolas crosses the ocean possibly to 1665(?), probably as "Thirty-six months' (a volunteer worker engaged for 3 years)." It is inscribed in the census in 1666(see capsule 0-D) as a being living in Bachelor's degree seignoiry of Notre-Dame-of-Angels, Charlesbourg modern. It was listed as a simple 'living' - no particular trade was mentioned.

On 5 September 1670, Nicolas signed a three-year lease usufruct Notary Romain Becquet with Pierre Lafine,a miller in Neuville. Auger summarizes their contract : LaFine rented Matte a piece of property, including a hectare and a half hectare of land cleared and a cabin. Nicolas was to sow, weed, harvest, beat and winnow the hay. He must also build a Grainary or a barn to store grain and vegetables, and clear one-third hectare per year. LaFine was to pay him 40 pounds for each newly cleared third hectare and Nicolas was to give him half of the grain.

Contrat d'engagement

Nicolas was still unmarried at the time the lease was ratified. In June of the following year, the ship Saint-Jean-Baptiste anchored in Quebec City, with one hundred men, one hundred twenty young women, fifty sheep, ten asses, fabric, rugs, and all kinds of useful things to New-France. Among the 120 "King’s Daughters" (the women given a dowry of 50 pounds by the King, and recruited specifically to marry settlers of the colony), was Madeleine Auvray, daughter of Antoine Auvray, deceased, and Marie Lenormand, native of Saint-Vivien, of Rouen.

Madeleine was almost 21 years old on Saturday, October 10, 1671, when ratified a marital agreement with Nicolas that was drawn up by Notary Romain Becquet, in the home of Anne Gasnier, widow of Jean Bourdon the owner of the fief (Seigneury) of Dombourg (today Neuville). Madeleine had 300 pounds worth of goods as well as the Royal dowry for the marriage. The marriage took place two days later on October 12, 1671 in the Church of Notre-Dame de Quebec, with nine other couples, including Jacques Lussier and René Dumas, as well as that of Pierre Coquin dit Latournelle whose daughter Marie Angelique marries Nicolas’ son Nicolas over twenty years later.

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The couple settled at Neuville and their eleven children were all born there. More than anything else, Nicolas Matte was a farmer. Probably because he wanted to work his own land, he cancelled the agreement with Pierre Lafine in May 1672.

On 31 May of the same year, the Lord of Dombourg granted a concession on a parcel next to the estate. The Matte land was two-thirds of a hectare wide along the St. Lawrence River by thirteen hectares deep. Nicolas took a lease on land from a neighbor for a year of grain harvest. October 9, 1672, he was ordered to pay 60 pounds to Jean Hamel. on On March 3, 1673, Nicolas rented, for one year the lands of Leonard Faucher, a neighbor for a year of grain harvest for 40 pounds. According to Roland-J. Article Auger, Nicolas also agreed to clear and burn a third of a hectare of wood and prepare it for sowing, for the sum of forty pounds.

Is Leonard Faucher absent in 1673 and 1674? An act written by Duquet March 3 of that year suggests that might have been so. On that day, his neighbor Leonard Faucher leased his land to Nicolas  Matte in exchange for one year.s harvest of grain beginning in October. The document reveals that nine or ten acres of land are in need of labor and building, the rest of the land is tall lumber. Faucher also agreed, for the term of the lease, to house Nicolas and his family (Madelaine & Leonard) and provide shelter for the grain. Matte promised to give Faucher 35 bushels of corn and 10 bushels of green peas. It also states that Faucher’s wife and children remain with Matte for a year, to provide and maintain the property, obtain firewood and make bread, for which he will be paid 35 pounds at the end of the lease. The contract with other conditions, including that of clearing an acre, work for which Faucher will pay 40 pounds.

Bail pour la terre de Léonard Faucher

On 4 January 1674, Nicolas attends the baptism of Nicolas Petit. One of Petit’s sons, Jean-François at age 21 married one of the daughters of Laurent Matte, Madeleine Françoise Matte, who was 19.

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On 4 January 1674, Nicolas attends the baptism of Nicolas Petit. One of Petit’s sons, Jean-François at age 21 married one of the daughters of Laurent Matte, Madeleine Françoise Matte, who was 19.

In 1679, found in Quebec City as a witness in the 1st three donations, where it is called as a witness : Donation by Marie - Guillemette Hébert, widow of the late Sir Guillaume Couillard, residing in Quebec, to the poor of the Hôtel-Dieu of Quebec, reference to acts passed in front of the Notary dated July 25, 1661 and October 9, 1663, are present Rev. mother Jeanne-Agnes of St. Paul, superior of Hôtel-Dieu, Jeanne-Françoise de Saint-Ignace, Treasurer and administrator of the property of the poor, said donation for a location of land located in the upper town of Quebec, at the end of the cemetery, description of the said location, the location of land is given to be used for the burial of the poor, the sieur Alexandre Petit, merchant, and sieur Philippe Gillet, residing in Quebec, are witnesses, following recognition of the said deed of gift dated April 16, 1681, Nicolas Mathe (Matte), inhabitant of Dombourg, and Jacques Chappelain (chaplain), residing in Quebec, are witnesses. - 6 November 1679 [Document insinuated on April 18, 1681, Piece from the insinuations of the Provost Court of Quebec records, vol. 1 (formerly registers 1, 2 and 3) (March 1, 1667 - 25 September 1696), pages 407-408.

The 2nd gift, called as a witness: Donation by Marie-Guillemette Hébert, widow of the late Sir Guillaume Couillard, residing in Quebec City, the religious ladies of the Hôtel-Dieu of the mercy of Jesus in Quebec, are present Rev. mother Jeanne-Agnes of St. Paul, superior, Mary of Saint - Bonaventure of Jesus, Assistant, Catherine-Marie of St. Agnes mistress of novices and discreet (religious who enters the Superior Council), Marie of St. Joachim, Catherine of St. Joseph, discreet, and Marie-Jacinthe of the Visitation, custodian, acceptants to the names of the religious said. said donation on fishing rights and strike located in the mouth of the Saint-Charles River, Jean LeVasseur, royal bailiff, and Nicolas Métru, residing in Quebec, are witnesses, following recognition of the said deed of gift dated April 16, 1681, Nicolas Mathe (Matte), inhabitant of Dombourg, and Jacques Chappelain (chaplain), Carpenter living in Quebec, are witnesses. -14 October 1680 [Document insinuated on April 18, 1681.

La 3 e donation : Donation by Pierre Grolleau (Groleau) and Marie- Madeleine Gobert, his wife, resident living in the village of Saint-Joseph in the parish of Charlesbourg, to the poor in the Hospital of Quebec, said donation for services as such Groleau and his wife intend to make poor audits, all their movable and immovable, said donors who intend to live in the convent and monastery of the mercy of Jesus and die there, are mentioned Rev. Mother Mary of Saint - Bonaventure of Jesus, superior of the said Monastery, Marie of the Holy heart of the Blessed Virgin, custodian of the property and income of the poor, and Sir François de Laval, first bishop of Quebec, against what said donors will be housed, maintained, and dressed, Nicolas Mathe (Matte), inhabitant of Dombourg, and Jacques Chappelain (chaplain), residing in Quebec, are witnesses. -16 April 1681 [Document insinuated on April 25, 1681]. The first trip from Neuville to Quebec was by boat. Three trips by boat in three years. Did the witness have any ties in his contract of engagement with them?

ANQ GN Becquet 05-09-1670; 10-10-1671; Rageot G. 31-05-1672; Duquet 03-03-1673; Roger G. 26-01-1695; Lepailleur 06-07-1702; PQ Reg. 4, 19-06-1671, fool 79v; 09-10-1671, fol. 151r ; Reg.8. 20-10-1675, fol 117r ; Reg 26, 14-06-1689, fol. 57 v. Baptize : Vaillancourt Émile CCN, P 190.

He received his confirmation on May 26, 1681 in Quebec City by Bishop Laval.

At the Census of 1681, Nicholas had a farm with three head of cattle. Fifteen acres of land were cultivated (see Capsule 0-D).

C1-_-image27.jpeg

July 11, 1686, Nicolas attends the baptism of Madeleine Faucreau (Fouquereau). Urbain is father of the lineage Fouquereau/Rossignol of America. Wife Jeanne Rossignol dit Grossonneau in the seigneury of Neuville (43) in 1676; of this union are from Pierre Fouquereau, Elisabeth-Ursule Rossignnol (married to Pierre Soucy), Michel Fouquereau, André Fouquereau (married Marie-Françoise Aupry), Madeleine Fouquereau (married to Jacques Richaume), Guillaume Fouquereau (married to Marie-Anne Rivière) and Marie-Hélène (married to Michel Rivet) Fouquereau.Décès en 1700 dans la seigneurie de Neuville (43). In 1729, he had 55 descendants. He is the owner of lot 244, that corresponds to the current civic number 1412 road 138. The fourth land to the West of the ancestral land (lot 240).

During the research for the beatification of the nun, dating from 1689. Two miracles have been recorded recently in the annals of the Hôtel-Dieu of Quebec and reproduced by the Abbé Casgrain in the history of this institution. The first took place in Caen in Normandy, the other at the Pointe-aux-Trembles, near Quebec (page 292). The second fact concerns Nicolas Matte, colonist established in the lordship of Domburg, today Pointe-aux-Trembles, now Neuville. He had a child who had suffered since birth from a convulsive disorder that doctors had declared incurable. The great devotion that we then had in our country for the mother of Saint - Augustin and the wonders that had come through her intercession Nicolas prayed to Saint Augustin to use his power with God in favor of his son. He began a Novena with his family in honor of the mother of St. Augustin. Barely had he ended that the child ha d no trace of his infirmity. The father at the height of joy, hastened to give glory to God by highly proclaiming the sanctity of the mother of St. Augustin and offering to sign the attestation of this miracle of his blood.

Source: Life of the mother Marie-Catherine of Saint - Augustin, nun of the Hôtel-Dieu of the precious blood of Québec, 1632-1668 by Hudon, l., Bégin, Louis-Nazaire.

Since June 14, 1689. Matte’s dispute with Denis Gentil continues, he successfully reclamins a bushel of corn. A bushel commercial grain trade measurement, but their report was different according to the grain. In the case of wheat, it took 3 bushels to equal a minot while it was 4 bushel in the case of the salt and 5 for oats. The minot was eventually worth 3, 4 or 5 bushels. When we know that the Wheat Board weighs 0.7 kg/L, oats 0.42 kg/L and the bushel measure 13 L, the minot, whatever the material, 27.3 kg. These units are not the result of chance, one is one measure of volume, the other weight. (the prehistory of the metric system).

On July 11, 1694, Nicolas, who is 58 years old, attends the baptism of Louis-Joseph Auge, whose father is Pierre Auger and the mother Perrine Meunier said Laramée. Business man (master sergetier) born about 1665 at Lezay in Niort (Deux -Sèvres, Poitou, France). Settled in the seigneury of Neuville (43). Father of the lineage of Auger/Miller of America. Wife Perrette Meunier in the seigneury of Neuville (43) in 1685; from this union came René Auger (married to Elisabeth Constantineau), Marguerite Auger (married to Jean Leveille), Louis-Joseph Auger (married to Marie - Geneviève Godin), Louis Auger (married to Marie-Anne Constantineau), Marie-Anne Auger (married to Jean-Baptiste Laroche) and Marie-Charlotte Auger (married to Jacques Godin). Pierre Auger is the owner of the lot 247, 7th neighbor to the West. There is a lot of spouses and spouses who are married descendants of Nicolas: Constantineau 2 , Godin 2 , Laroche.

When the marriage of his daughter Marie (2.1.0) contract, January 14 1695, Nicolas is absent because of the difficulty of the roads.

July 6, 1702, his wife ceded to Jean Masson all the land from the River to Matte, where he had built a House. Nicolas was buried in the cemetery of Neuville July 20, 1704. His widow, Madeleine, died almost 30 years after her husband. May 7, 1734, she was buried in Neuville. Seven of her 11 children have predeceased her.

The descendants of Nicolas Matte and Madeleine Auvray eventually spread to North America. There is also Cajun Louisiana Mattes that are descendants, the Native Americans of the Valley of the Bitter Root of Montana, some of the first pioneers of the Northwest Oregon, Saskatchewan, Ontario, British Columbia are also among his descendants.


The Matte descendants are closely related by women with surnames Pelletier, Laroche, Constantineau, Grenon, Letourneau, Petit, Mongrain, Mercure, Gariepy, Sylvestre, and Charpentier .

Signature de Nicolas Matte

Children of Nicolas Matte & Madeleine Auvray

1. Léonard MATTE(1.2.1.-1) was born 18 Nov, baptised the 1672 in Dombourg, Canada, 1st hypothesis : Deceased. Hôtel-Dieu of           Quebec on August 8, 1698 2nd hypothesis : Deceased may 1 700 in Biloxi, USA. (See capsule 2.1)


2. Marie ou Marie Françoise MATTE (2.2.1.-1) was born Jan 29, 1674 to Dombourg, Quebec, Canada. (See Capsule 2.2)


3. Laurent MATTE (3.2.1.-1) was born 19 Jun 1677 Dombourg, Québec, Canada, and died 19 Feb 1712 in Cap-Santé, Seigneury of Auteuil, Portneuf County, Quebec, Canada (See Capsule 2.3).


4 Marie Jeanne MATTE (4.2.1.-1) was born 19 Dec 1679 Dombourg, Québec, Canada, and died Jan 29, 1703 at St-Antoine De                                            Tilly, Seigneury of Villieu, Québec (See Capsule 2.4).


5. Nicolas MATTE(5.2.1.-1) was born 22 Sep 1682 in Neuville, Quebec, Canada, is baptized 22 Sep 1682 in Neuville, Portneuf,                                   Quebec, died 12 Mar 1760 in the parish of Saint-François de Sales, Pointe aux Trembles, Seigneury de                                           Dombourg (Neuville) Québec (See Capsule 2.5) 


6. Madeleine ou Marie Madeleine MATTE (6.2.1.-1) was born 9 Feb. 1685 in Neuville, Quebec, Canada, and died 14 Nov 1747.                                                                          The sixth child in the family. On August 13, 1703, at Neuville, she became the wife at                                                                         the age of eighteen, Noël Pelletier, son of Pierre Pelletier and by Françoise Trochet,                                                                          widower of Marie Grenier, father of two children. A dozen children born to the couple                                                                          Matte and Pelletier (See Capsule 2.6).  


7. Marie Anne MATTE (7.2.1.-1) was born 18 may 1687 at the Seigneury de Dombourg, Québec, Canada, and died in 1731. She                                         was married to Roman Dubuc 7 Oct 1709 in Neuville, Portneuf, Quebec, son of Jean Dubuc and                                                       Françoise  Larchevêque. He was born March 24, 1671 in Quebec City, province of Quebec, and died 20                                           Oct 1711 in Neuville, Quebec, Canada. She (Marie-Anne) married to Stephen Magnan 27 Feb. 1713 in                                            Neuville, Portneuf County, Province of Quebec, son of Pierre Magnan and Marie Dufour. He was born                                              about 1647 in St. Barthelemy de La Rochelle, Aunis, Charente Maritime, France, baptised Christian in                                              1660 (See Capsule 2.7)


8. Marie MATTE (8.2.1.-1) was born 3 Nov 1688 Dombourg, Québec, Canada, died 11 Nov 1688 in Dombourg, Québec, Canada                                (See Capsule 2.8).


9. Alexis MATTE (9.2.1.-1) was born 14 Feb. 1692 in Neuville, Quebec, Canada, and died in the parish of Les Écureuils                                              (Squirrels), Portneuf County (between Donnacona and Neuville), Quebec, Canada (See Capsule 2.9).


10. Marie Louise MATTE (10.2.1.-1) was born July 20, 1694 in Neuville, Quebec, Canada (See Capsule 2.10).


11. Marie Angelique MATTE(11.2.1.-1) was born 22 Jun 1697 in the Seigneury de Dombourg, parish of Neuville, Quebec, Canada, and died 1 Avril 1775 at St Antoine De Tilly (See Capsule 2.11).
 

Another Matte Deceased after Arrival in Canada.

Another Matte, François, arrives in 1711 on the boat «Heros * "from v. and ar. Les Sables d'Olonne, Poitou (Vendee). He died on December 27, 1711 at the Hôtel-Dieu de Québec (age 32). Another lineage of Mattes in France ?
 

François Matte


* On 2 October 1711 two men: Dustiné and Plassan appeared on horseback in Quebec. They came from the hero, ship of the King 12 leagues from Quebec until the wind". In a letter dated 5 November 1711 in relationships told that it is one of the two vessels arrived from France this year and should start within two or three days. Roland-Michel Barrin de La Galissonière, entered the guards of the Navy on 1 November 1710 and future Governor of New-France in 1747, made his first campaign on the ship in 1711. The captain of this warship was Claude de Beauharnois, sieur de Beaumont and de Villechauve.

You have more information and images in PDF format

Capsule 1 (13 Pages) Format PDF: - Nicolas Matte 

The capsules # 00 are information bearing the word Matte, the capsules # 0 are of general information used to complete the capsules identified # -1 (Charles) or # 1 (Nicolas and Madeleine) or # .2 (children) , etc., which correspond to lineages of Matte ancestors.

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